John Kalymon loses U.S. Citizenship

Appeals court revokes citizenship of accused Nazi
Thursday, September 4, 2008

LANSING, Michigan: A federal appeals court has upheld a decision to revoke the U.S. citizenship of an 87-year-old Michigan man accused of shooting Jews as a member of a Nazi police unit.

A judge ruled last year that John Kalymon of Troy was ineligible for citizenship because of his service to Nazi Germany. Kalymon was in the Nazi-operated Ukrainian Auxiliary Police during World War II.

The judge found that Kalymon's unit rounded up Jews, oversaw forced labor, killed those attempting to escape and delivered others to killing sites for mass execution.

Kalymon appealed, claiming mistaken identity.

But the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati on Thursday agreed he should lose his citizenship.

A message seeking comment from Kalymon's lawyer was not immediately returned.


Euro 2008 (2) and Nazi War Criminals

What's so great about this Euro 2008 is that it permits us to find a 95 year old Nazi War criminals like Milivoj Asner who was chief of Police of the feared Kroatian Fascist Ustasha's...



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Battle For Hürtgenwald

A to me rather unknown battle at the end of WW II, the Battle for the HürtgenWald, proved the largest defeat of the American Army. Some sources estimate the loss 56.000 soldiers! The Konejung Stiftung made a documentary about the battle which seems to be very interesting. You can get more info here!


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The Baugnez Massacre

If you're intrested in the Battle of the Bulge and the Baugnez massacre you could download a 77 page text (in pdf) here.



 The Gruuthuse handwriting text dates form the late 14th. century, early 15th century. It’s now, after a long period, finally available for everyone on the website of the Royal Library of Belgium. It’s fascinating to look at and trying to read it. Enjoy!

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Gladiators uncovered: Rare panels are snatched back from grave

I got this in the mailbox :

ROME -- Italian police have unearthed the hidden cache of a group of grave robbers, recovering ancient Roman marble reliefs depicting stunningly lifelike gladiators locked in mortal combat.

The 12 panels were found buried in the garden of a private home near Fiano Romano, some 25 miles north of Rome. Their recovery was hailed Wednesday as a major archaeological discovery and a blow to the illegal antiquities market.

Archaeologists said the work offers a glimpse into early gladiator fights, before the rise of more extravagant forms of combat popularized in the modern era by Hollywood movies.

The reliefs date to the late first century B.C. and are believed to have decorated a tomb, yet to be located, in the Roman settlement of Lucus Feroniae, said Anna Maria Moretti, superintendent for antiquities in the area north of Rome.

The pieces, made of high-quality Carrara marble, are notable for their size and age, and are among the finest examples from their period depicting one of Rome's favorite blood sports, Moretti said.

"The attention to detail is incredible," she said at a presentation of the finds at Rome's Villa Giulia Museum.

The panels show bare-chested fighters, armed with swords and shields, engaged in duels while surrounded by trumpet and horn players who accompanied the phases of combat in the bloodied arena.

In one of the most dramatic scenes, a gladiator steps on the wrist of a downed opponent who raises a finger in a traditional plea for mercy.

The reliefs will undergo restoration before being shown to the public at Villa Giulia.

Archaeologists have unearthed many similar representations, but interest in the new discovery goes beyond its high-quality craftsmanship, Moretti said. The figures in the reliefs, equipped only with swords, shields and basic armor, offer a detailed image from the earlier days of gladiatorial combat. More common
representations dating to later imperial periods show gladiators sporting elaborate protections and wielding a vast array of weaponry, including nets, tridents and daggers, she said.

Prosecutor Paolo Ferri said a three-year investigation led art squad police to the cache 10 days ago. An unspecified number of people have been accused of archaeological theft but remain free pending legal proceedings.

Italy is aggressively campaigning to recover antiquities it says were illegally dug up and smuggled out of the country. The government has been securing deals for the return of artifacts from top U.S. museums.

Ferri said the gladiator reliefs were dug up illegally years ago but remained completely or largely untouched in the looters' cache, a sign that a "new awareness" has developed among collectors and museums.

"The (illegal) market is at a standstill. In the '90s such pieces would have been sold in a few months," he said. "But no one dared to buy these artifacts."

The finds would have been worth millions of dollars on the international market, he said.

In a pile of rubble found near the buried reliefs, police recovered the lower part of a marble statue of man in a toga, a piece of a column and a partial inscription, all believed to have come from the same tomb. Archaeologists believe the reliefs were a frieze decorating the midsection of a rectangular tomb, surmounted by a
colonnade that housed the statue, possibly a depiction of the man buried inside.

The identity of the tomb's owner is likely to remain a mystery at least until the burial site is found, Moretti said. The reliefs may indicate he was an organizer of public games or may depict bouts that were held in his honor, but images of gladiators were such a common theme in Roman art that they cannot be considered conclusive proof, she said.

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Victor Klemperer

This evening Arte will broadcast a documentary on Victor Klemperer and his diary concerning the Language of The Third Reich.

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