Sonny Rollins

We went to Paris to see and listen at Sonny Rolins, saturday december 1st. I was wondering how old Mr. Rollins has become, last time when i saw him (2004/2005) he was walking still straight. Saturday he didn't give the impression at all that he was still having good legs.

But as soon as he had the tenor sax at his mouth oh boy! He always took the last solo except for the last piece of the set where he started and blew one of his unique solo's where he's known for.

Since apparently no recording by radio or television was made we have to be happy with we can get. Here's an interview from BBC radio 4 which took place around november 25.  


13:03 Gepost door Lexman in Muziek | Permalink | Commentaren (0) | Tags: sonny rollins |  Facebook |


Sonny Rollins Interview


Jazz great Sonny Rollins says improvisation is in his blood



If you asked jazz musicians, critics and aficionados to name the
greatest living jazz improviser, the overwhelming favorite would
surely be tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins.

Rollins, who performs Saturday at Music Hall, remains the most
self-effacing musician on the planet, so he would be the first to
dismiss such claims. But facts are facts. When he's inspired, the
music erupts from his imagination in a spontaneous rush of Joycean
intuition, wonder, wit, thematic coherence and rhythmic surprise. At
77, he can still stop the world.

It doesn't happen by accident. As he said in an interview from his
home in Germantown, N.Y., he still practices everyday in search of new
modes of expression.

Rollins had a fast start, working and recording with giants -- Bud
Powell, Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, Charlie Parker and Max Roach. By
the late '50s he had become an innovator and sweeping influence. His
finest records -- "Saxophone Colossus," "A Night at the Village
Vanguard," "Our Man in Jazz" and many others -- remain state of the art.

He arrives in Detroit riding a wave of publicity surrounding a 50th
anniversary concert three weeks ago at Carnegie Hall that featured his
regular band and an eye-popping one-time-only trio of bassist
Christian McBride and the indefatigable 82-year-old drummer Roy Haynes.

Question: Tell me about playing with Christian and Roy.

Answer: Well, it's back to my old trio format. I've never played in
that situation with Christian and Roy, but they had played together
before. They're great musicians, so it was very enjoyable. The only
thing is we didn't have enough time. Maybe we'll get together again.

Q: Do you have plans?

A: Not specifically, but my agenda is wide open. If the idea really
takes hold, I guess I would do that. People had thought that we might
go touring, but I'm not sure right now. I'm booked until the end of
the year, and then I have some months off. Maybe next year we'll think
about some options.

Q: Roy Haynes is 82 and still playing with extraordinary authority.
Dave Brubeck, Hank Jones, James Moody and Clark Terry are all in their
80s. You and Ornette Coleman are 77. Jazz used to be considered a
young man's game, but your generation has a lot to give.

A: That's a little too glib for me. There's been a lot of incursions
into the jazz assembly of people, and a lot of new styles of music
have robbed us of some of our people. A lot of guys who could have
come up in jazz, didn't come up. So what happened was these older
people who are fortunate enough to be alive are still around and
playing. But I think there was a big chunk of time when the public
taste was directed away from jazz, so we lost a clump of people who
would still be in there.

But it's like classical music. As long as you have the physical
capacity to do it, age is an asset to a jazz musician. There is so
much to learn. I practice every day, and I'm still learning stuff
every time I play.

Q: Benny Carter played spectacularly at 90. Do you anticipate still
doing it at that age?

A: I do, because I'm reasonably healthy and I know by 90 I'm not going
to learn it all. If the gods smile on me and allow me to keep doing
it, sure. I'm trying to get as much information as I can.

Q: Youth is wasted on the young.

A: I agree with that -- not only in music but in a lot of other ways.

Q: Also, the older you get, the more you realize how much you really
don't know.

A: Yeah. Although I know musicians like Count Basie or Milt Jackson --
guys who kept playing at a certain level as they got older but weren't
musicians who necessarily changed, which can be great. But I'm a
musician of a different stripe. I can't do that. I'm not that good a
musician to play on the same level and do the same thing all the time.

Guys like me have to keep changing around. That's how we survived. A
lot of guys get to the point where they're established and that's it.
My kind is a little different, because I'm physically incapable of
playing two nights in a row the same.

Q: Do you feel the need to make changes to keep yourself inspired or
is there something else going on?

A: In my case I started out in this field as a neophyte among a bunch
of established pros. I was the kid on the block, and I've always been
learning all my career. I didn't come into the field full-blown. In a
sense I'm still a work in progress. Some people come on the scene
having all of these skills intact.

Plus, the way I improvise is different. I don't hear the same thing
all the time. I go by improvisational instinct and that's always
changing, because that's what improvisation is. It's always different.

Q: When we spoke a couple years ago, you said were having some dental
issues and could only practice about two hours a day. Is that still
the case?

A: Yeah. If I get two hours in -- or three, great -- but two hours is
satisfactory and is about my norm.

Q: What are your memories of Detroit?

A: Detroit was always a very vibrant jazz city. There were a lot of
great musicians coming out of Detroit -- a great tradition and a lot
of clubs. I remember on Woodward Avenue, what was the name of that

Q: The Graystone.

A: I remember playing at the Graystone and Lester Young sat in. I was
playing with Max (Roach) and Clifford (Brown). We had played opposite
Lester in New York at the Café Bohemia, so I got to know him. That was
a great experience at the Graystone, because that was the only time I
played with Lester. Of course, I had played with him in my head forever.

Q: So that means you got to play with Lester Young and Coleman
Hawkins. Not everybody gets to play with their idols.

A: That's right. And Ben Webster if you want to throw in the other
guy. I really should be the greatest guy in the world after all the
people that I've played with.

Q: Many of us would say you are.

A: Well, I wouldn't agree with that.

Q: You had some special musical relationships with Detroit musicians.
One was pianist Tommy Flanagan.

A: Oh, boy. Tommy was such a great musician. He was such a flawless
accompanist. But he's more than an accompanist. He was just an
exceptional player.

Q: You've had some issues with piano players over the years.

A: Is that my reputation?

Q: Well, piano players have a lot of keys in front of them and they
like to play them.

A: Exactly. But it's not the instrument, it's the player. I've played
with a lot of good piano players who don't abuse the privilege of
playing all those keys, and Tommy was certainly one of those people.
He knew just what to do and when to do it.

Q: The other Detroiter you had such a vital relationship with was
drummer Elvin Jones. He played with an incredibly loose rhythmic
concept and so do you. Did you feel a kinship with Elvin?

A: Yes, I did. It's like being released from prison, you know?

Elvin was sort of my drummer when I used to assemble bands to take out
on gigs. As a matter of fact, Elvin and I used to go into towns and
pick up a bass player, and one guy we picked up was Jimmy Garrison in
Philly. Jimmy didn't know Elvin at that time. I'm sure that was the
first time Jimmy and Elvin played together. (Editor's note: Garrison
and Jones became a legendary tandem with the John Coltrane Quartet
from 1961-66.)

Q: During the time you took your sabbatical in 1959-61, Elvin started
playing with John Coltrane. I always thought it was a shame that later
on you didn't play more with Elvin.

A: Well, it's a funny story. The last time I saw Elvin -- that sounds
like the title of a song -- I was in Perugia, Italy, playing a
concert. He was also on this jazz festival. I had started playing a
song called "Serenade." It's sort of a 3/4 thing and it would have
been perfect for Elvin and myself to play together.

Elvin and his wife were there when we came off. Elvin said, "Hey man,
we gotta play that together. We gotta make a record of that song." I
said, "Right!" We had planned to record but it never came about. Elvin
was sick and we didn't get it done in time, but it was certainly in
the works to reunite. It was right before he passed away.

Q: What do you look for in a drummer?

A: He's got to have a musical sense, and he's got to have an idea
about musical form. Of course, Max Roach was the premiere guy that
emphasized form. That was why I liked playing with Max. He was really
right on the button.

A drummer's got to be like Art Blakey, Roy Haynes, Max Roach, Elvin,
Al Foster, Billy Higgins -- these guys I was fortunate enough to play
with. These kind of guys just have a secure beat, which makes it easy
for me to think.

Somebody asked me the other day, "What do you hear when you play?" I
told him, "I don't want to hear anything." If a guy is accompanying me
while I'm playing, I don't want to hear him. If I hear him, he's
playing something which is distracting. A drummer has got to be there
without being there.

Q: But it's not that simple, because you have to be responding to the
sounds that you hear.

A: Yeah, right. What I mean is that I don't want to hear anything that
doesn't fit. When I hear Elvin, everything I hear fits. So if I hear
him and it fits, then it's the same as saying that I don't hear him.
You know what I mean? It's in the stream.

Q: I know you never listen to your old recordings.

A: Not if I can help it.

Q: But have you watched some of the many videos of yourself through
the years that are floating around the Internet, including those
you've put on your Web site?

A: I don't look at my Web site. I don't have a computer. I have
somebody who I trust who makes sure there's nothing that would offend
me too much. I haven't seen these things you're talking about.

Q: Do you have no interest or is it too traumatic?

A: It's not so much looking. It's the music. I'm still very sensitive
about hearing myself. I'm also not a guy that looks at myself and
says, "Boy, what a handsome guy," but I guess I would go along with it

I had to do an interview with a guy here in New York before our
concert at Carnegie Hall, and he was playing some stuff that I had
done, and I couldn't get out of it. I told him to play it low and
mainly he did. Usually, I try to avoid listening. I heard some things
which I could listen to and they didn't sound that bad. But it's hard
for me to really listen to it.

Q: Have you always felt that way or did it grow?

A: It probably grew. I think when the possibilities of doing overdubs
was beginning I became very self-conscious -- maybe too conscious
about the possibilities. I became very conscious of trying to make
everything perfect. I was out at Fantasy studios, the facilities were
at my disposal, and I spent a lot of time doing six, seven takes of
one song and all this stuff. That made me feel very self-conscious and
I would never really be satisfied.

Of course, I began doing that when I was at RCA in New York in the
'60s. We also had the luxury of doing a lot of takes.

Q: Being that self-aware is a double-edged sword. It can be tough.

A: It's tough because you're never satisfied. I probably would be more
satisfied if I listened to some of them. Then again, there are some
things that I would cringe about. In fact, I don't listen to music at
all. It's really a drag, because I really learn a lot from listening
to other people, and I get inspired by listening to some older records.

It would be a benefit to me if I could get over my phobia -- not
necessarily about myself but about listening. My head is just filled
with so much information. I used to listen to records all my life, but
I'm just at a point now where I can't.

Q: How long has it been that way?

A: It's been that way for maybe 20 years now.

The original interview can be found here

11:15 Gepost door Lexman in Muziek | Permalink | Commentaren (0) | Tags: sonny rollins |  Facebook |


Sonny Rollins

From the AP:

Long-Lost Tape Inspires Sonny Rollins

NEW YORK (AP) — Sonny Rollins was surprised when a long-lost tape of his Carnegie Hall debut was discovered among the Voice of America's huge collection of recordings at the Library of Congress. But after listening to the tape, the tenor saxophonist got inspired to return to Carnegie to mark the 50th anniversary of that historic concert.
On Tuesday night, Rollins will be performing the same three songs — "Moritat," "Sonnymoon for Two," and "Some Enchanted Evening" — that the then 27-year-old saxophonist played with bassist Wendell Marshall and drummer Kenny Dennis at his first Carnegie concert on Nov. 29, 1957.
"I thought it would be interesting to reprise the material," said the 77-year-old Rollins in a telephone interview from his home in Germantown, N.Y. "Let's hope that the now sounds better than the then. I'm leaving myself open to people that say, `Oh gee, I like the 1957 Rollins better,' but I guess there's no way I can avoid that."
The concert tape had been lost until 2005 when Larry Appelbaum, a jazz specialist at the Library of Congress, discovered a set of tapes in the Voice of America music collection simply labeled "sp. Event 11/29/57 carnegie jazz concert (#1)." Those tapes also included a historic recording of pianist Thelonious Monk's quartet with saxophonist John Coltrane, which became one of 2005's most important jazz releases.
Rollins doesn't remember much about the other performances at that benefit concert that also featured Billie Holiday, Dizzy Gillespie and Chet Baker.
"The only thing I do remember is that Ray Charles followed me ... and I was proud of the fact that we were getting a lot of applause and he couldn't get on right away," said Rollins. "It just gave me a little boost that I could keep the great Ray Charles waiting."
In returning to Carnegie, Rollins will be reviving a tradition that continued from the 1970s into the early '90s in which he would present an annual concert at Carnegie Hall (or occasionally other venues) featuring special guests — old friends like Gillespie and Charles Mingus or young lions like Wynton and Branford Marsalis and Terence Blanchard. But since 1995, Rollins had made it an annual habit to perform in New York with his band at larger outdoor venues.
On Tuesday, Rollins will be teaming in a trio with 82-year-old drummer Roy Haynes and 35-year-old bassist Christian McBride. The program also included a separate set featuring his working band with trombonist Clifton Anderson, guitarist Bobby Broom, bassist Bob Cranshaw and African percussionist Kimati Dinizulu.
Rollins has known Haynes since their childhood days in Harlem, and they appeared together on the saxophonist's first studio recording, an April 1949 session with singer Babs Gonzales. Rollins hasn't previously played with McBride.
For the Carnegie Hall concert, Rollins will be playing in the challenging piano-less bass and drums trio with no other front-line instrument to ease the load. It's a format he helped pioneer in the late 1950s on such classic albums as "Way Out West" and "Freedom Suite.
"It gives me a little more freedom to put my own thoughts in those musical spaces," he said. "I like just drums and bass ... which is harder to do as I'm aging but I guess everything is harder to do as you're aging."
Rollins' Oleo Productions will be presenting the Carnegie concert marking the 50th anniversary of his debut. He also plans to release a CD in 2008 with the original 1957 trio recording and the upcoming concert on his new Doxy Records label.
"I'm sure I attracted the enmity of a lot of concert promoters ... by doing this," said Rollins. "But after all this is America and if we can do it ourselves and make it a success, why that's how America was made. ... It's a good step I feel for empowerment."

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Sonny Rollins, Amsterdam 1998


 Sonny Rollins Amsterdam

To start this week you can watch and listen at Sonny Rollins' 1998 concert in Amsterdam. Enjoy!

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Sonny Rollins

A news item from the All About Jazz website:

Sonny Rollins at Carnegie Hall 9/18: A Live Recording, with Trio

On the evening of November 29, 1957, tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins,
then 27 years old, took to the stage of Carnegie Hall for the first
time. Sharing the bill that night with Billie Holiday, Ray Charles,
and the Thelonious Monk Quartet featuring John Coltrane, Rollins
played three songs - "Moritat," "Sonnymoon for Two," and "Some
Enchanted Evening" - with bassist Wendell Marshall and drummer Kenny

Come September 18, 2007, Rollins will mark the 50th anniversary of
that milestone in his legendary career by revisiting the same
repertoire in the same trio format - with special guests Roy Haynes on
drums and Christian McBride on acoustic bass. Sonny's own Oleo
Productions will present the concert, which will also feature a set
with his working band of Clifton Anderson, Bobby Broom, Bob Cranshaw,
and Kimati Dinizulu.

"We're making a statement with this event," says Rollins. "First of
all, the concert is being produced in-house by the musicians, and
being recorded for my own label [Doxy]. It's also a validation of the
contemporaries that Roy and I played with, and an affirmation of the
music we've been involved with all our lives."

For a 25-year period beginning in the 1970s, Rollins's special- guest
concerts - usually held at Carnegie Hall but sometimes at Town Hall or
the Beacon Theater instead - were perennial highlights of the jazz
calendar. Among the musicians to appear as Sonny's guests were old
friends and young lions: Terence Blanchard, Dizzy Gillespie, Charles
Mingus, Branford Marsalis, Tony Williams, Jim Hall, Grover Washington
Jr., Roy Hargrove, Wynton Marsalis. The last such event took place at
the Beacon, where Sonny hosted Percy Heath, Walter Bishop Jr., Jackie
McLean, Gil Coggins, and Wallace Roney way back in November 1995.

That 12-year hiatus is now over. "Let's take it to the bridge," Roy
Haynes says of the September concert. "I can't wait!"

Tickets go on sale Monday, July 30, online at www.carnegiehall.org; by
phone (CarnegieCharge) at 212-247-7800; or at the box office at 57th
Street and 7th Avenue. The concert recording, to be released in spring
2008 by Doxy Records, will also include the 1957 trio material, a
20-minute tape recently made available to Rollins by the Library of

Roy Haynes and Sonny Rollins had a number of opportunities to work
together early in the tenor saxophonist's career. (Haynes, 82,
remembers that the younger Rollins "used to come to my house, but I
didn't even know he played an instrument then.") Their first
professional encounter was also Rollins's first time in the recording
studio, on an April 1949 Babs Gonzales session. Soon to follow were
dates with Bud Powell in August 1949, Miles Davis in January 1951, and
Sonny's own debut as a leader in that same 1951 session. Haynes was
the drummer for Rollins's first Riverside recording, The Sound of
Sonny, in June 1957, and for a 1958 Newport Jazz Festival appearance
with bassist Henry Grimes. Their final meeting on record came in July
1958, for Sonny Rollins and the Big Brass (MGM).

"The great Roy Haynes," says Rollins, "one of the top drummers in jazz
history, has been my buddy and friend for many years - all the way
back to the Hill [Sugar Hill, in Harlem]. I am so lucky to have him
this night at Carnegie Hall."

Christian McBride, 35, was brought to the project on a recommendation
from Haynes, with whom he had toured and recorded on several
occasions. "When a musician is highly praised by all of his fellows,"
Rollins says, "it means something. I am looking forward to having this
opportunity to play with Christian."

Less than a week after the Carnegie Hall concert - on September 23 -
Sonny Rollins will perform at the Monterey Jazz Festival, which is
celebrating its own 50th anniversary. Sonny appeared at the very first
Monterey festival, in 1957.

Rollins, who (along with Steve Reich) received the Polar Music Prize
in Stockholm last month and gave a concert while there, will be
returning to Europe for a seven-city tour this fall. His itinerary for
the remainder of 2007 includes the following concerts, in addition to
Carnegie Hall and Monterey:

6/22 Orpheum Theatre, Vancouver, BC; 6/24 Jazzfest International,
Royal Theater, Victoria, BC; 7/14 Perugia (Italy) Jazz Festival; 7/27
Kiva Auditorium, Albuquerque, NM; 7/29 Lensic Performing Arts Center,
Santa Fe, NM; 8/11 Jazz in Marciac (France); 9/21 Schnitzer
Auditorium, Portland, OR; 10/13 Music Hall Center for the Performing
Arts, Detroit; 11/16 Palau de la Musica, Barcelona; 11/19 Teatro de la
Maestranza, Seville; 11/21 Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels; 11/24
Barbican Theatre, London; 11/26 Concertgebouw, Amsterdam; 11/29 Opera
Rainier, Monte Carlo; 12/1 Salle Pleyel, Paris.


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Sonny Rollins receives the Polar Prize

All AP News
Rollins, Reich Receive Polar Music Prize
Mon May 21, 4:08 PM ET

Jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins and composer Steve Reich received the prestigious Polar Music Prize from Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf at a ceremony Monday at the Stockholm Concert Hall. The Polar Music Prize is Sweden's biggest music award. It was founded by Stig Anderson, manager of Swedish pop group ABBA, in 1989 through a donation to The Royal Swedish Academy of Music. Each winner receives $147,000.
The award is typically split between pop artists and classical musicians. Past winners include Paul McCartney, Led Zeppelin, Bruce Springsteen, Quincy Jones, Isaac Stern, Pierre Boulez and Valery Gergiev.
Helped on and off the stage, Rollins, 76, bowed gently and said he was honored to receive the prize "on behalf of all the great musicians I learned my music from."
Eagle-Eye Cherry son of trumpet player Don Cherry with whom Rollins toured in the 1960s read the academy's citation for Rollins, calling him "one of the most powerful and personal voices in jazz for more than 50 years."
Rollins was honored by a performance by Swedish hip-hop singer Timbuktu and the band Damn! He heard his songs "Alfie's Theme" and "Oleo" played by saxophonist Lennart Aberg, pianist Bobo Stensson and the Jonas Kullhammar Quartet. Swedish jazz singer Viktoria Tolstoy sang "`Round Midnight."

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Sonny Rollins in The Telegraph

Why Sonny won't stop rollin'

 Jazz veteran Sonny Rollins talks to Peter Culshaw about his new album and why, at 76, his playing is better than ever

Sonny Rollins apologises for not having answered the phone when I called earlier.

The legendary 76-year-old saxophonist, who lives alone in rural upstate New York, explains he was shovelling snow that had blocked his front door after the worst snowstorm in the area for decades. As Rollins consents to be interviewed about as rarely as catastrophic ice storms occur, I tell him I'm happy to talk to him at all. Rollins has been described by the American jazz critic Stanley Crouch as "one of the brightest lights in the history of the music... Like Armstrong, he is jazz." After a lifetime of classic albums and awe-inspiring live performances featuring his distinctively pure, deep tones, Rollins continues to be showered with awards: last year he won a Grammy and was inducted into the Academy of Achievement at an event hosted by Steven Spielberg and George Lucas. Over the years, he has done everything from composing music for the film Alfie to playing with the Rolling Stones on their album Tattoo You. But, as he says, "jazz is the hardest art form in a way because you have to be new every night".


And he continues to be new. His latest venture is to launch his own record label, Doxy (this being the name of a famous Rollins composition he recorded with Miles Davis in 1954).

"My wife, Lucille, used to run all the business side of things," he says, "and, since she passed on a couple of years ago, and my contract with my label was about to expire [after 34 years], I realised I had to make the leap." For someone who claims to be anti-technology, he's managed to enter the world of downloads, websites, MySpace and blogging with aplomb.

"Though, to be honest, I prefer to stay at home woodshedding [a jazz phrase which means practising on your own]. I still manage at least two hours a day; it used to be 10."

The first release on the label is a polished studio album called Sonny, Please. This was the phrase, says Rollins, that Lucille, used to say to him all the time. He laughs. "The album is a tribute to her. She's still part of everything I do."

The disc includes his usual eclectic mix of music, ranging from the Noël Coward song Someday I'll Find You to themes from long-forgotten radio shows from the 1930s.

There are also some new compositions, such as Nishi, dedicated to a Japanese friend ("I've been at least 20 times to Japan; they really seem to get the music") and Park Palace Parade, named after a long-defunct Spanish Harlem dance hall where he used to go as a child: "Many famous calypso artists used to appear there."

He says he intends to release some archive live recordings on his label, something which is likely to gladden the heart of fans and critics. Many of them feel that Rollins, though he has made numerous classic albums, is consummately a live performer. The American jazz critic Gary Giddens calls him "a provocatively enigmatic man - there always seem to be two Sonny Rollins, the recording artist and the studio artist". One of Rollins's most intense fans is Carl Smith, who has a collection of hundreds of high-quality bootlegs going back to 1949.

"Many of these performances are extraordinary," says Giddins."I played some of them for sceptical friends, whose jaws just hit the ground. When listening you can't miss the fact that something magical happens when he is on stage."

None of Smith's recordings has ever been released. "The problem was that Lucille hated what she saw as illegal recordings. She would just slam the phone down on anyone suggesting anything like that was released."

Rollins's parents were from the Virgin Islands, and he was born in Harlem in 1930. He "always knew in this incarnation I was to be a musician", but he veered away from classical music when he heard blues and jazz, particularly the tenor sax playing of Coleman Hawkins.

Immediately after leaving school, he was playing with big names such as Bud Powell, Fats Navarro and Roy Haynes.

His first album was released in 1951 on the Prestige label, and he went on to produce a series of now classic records such as Saxophone Colossus. This album included St Thomas, perhaps his best known tune: "It was a song my mother used to sing to me."

As a youth, Rollins was wayward - arrested for armed robbery in 1950, spending 10 months in jail at Rikers Island, and re-arrested in 1952 for breaking the terms of his parole by using heroin.

But, like many of the more long-lived jazzers, such as Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock, he cleaned up his act through the discovery of Eastern philosophy.

In the late '60s, he took a couple of years off to pursue this interest and travelled in India and Japan. "There are so many distractions and temptations on the road that you need a positive discipline like meditation or yoga. I still do yoga every day."

With some of his recordings he has included what people see as banal or even silly material, such as I'm an Old Cowhand or There's No Business Like Show Business. Rollins defends this eclecticism.

"The thing about jazz is that it includes everything. It's a natural organic music that reflects life, and you are going to find drama, poetry, tragedy and a lot of humour, even silliness."

Tenor Madness was his only recording with John Coltrane, who, at the time, was a much less well-known figure than Rollins. Does he ever wish he'd recorded more with Coltrane? "Other people seem to worry about that kind of thing. Regret is not something I have much time for."

He does think, though, about the greats he played with, such as Thelonius Monk and Miles Davis. "I think about these people all the time. Since I was blessed to have played with them and since I am one of the few players from that era remaining, I feel a responsibility to keep my music on as high a level as possible in their honour."

So the struggle goes on. "Age has to be served," he says, "and, technically, I may be a little less agile, but I feel I could still become more powerful and potent."

When I ask him what music he's listening to, he says: "I'd like to express myself on a higher level, so I really don't get time to listen to other people's music. There's too much music in my head."


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